The Differences In Plumbing System By Buildings
July 17, 2019
For supply system pipes the ones that are generally utilised are GI, copper, HDPE and CPVC. Mostly nowadays, CPVC plastic pipes are used since they do not get rusty, are lightweight, and allow for easy installation and maintenance, on top of being economical.
Kinds of Plumbing Systems in Buildings
Plumbing systems used in bigger places, such as in the shopping centre management consist of the underground tank which is supplied with water via the municipal section supply lines, from there with the help of pumps and piping distribution system water is supplied to overhead tank and therefore due to airborne water reaches to house sockets.
The overhead tank may nevertheless be eliminated if the water is provided directly from the underground tank to kitchen toilet outlets, there is the requirement of pumps that can give uninterrupted supply of water with required pressure to outlets so that if one opens the faucet he receives a continuous supply of water. Such pumps are known as a hydro-pneumatic system.
Such pumps consist of a little steel tank with water on one side and air on a different side separated by a rubber membrane. As the pump starts it supplies water to the wet side thus causing rubber membrane to expand and air compresses on another side thus causing extra pressure on the wet side that is connected to the water distribution line. So as you open the tap, you get the necessary quantity of water. This causes the pressure to fall and the pump is automatically switched on again thereby maintaining the pressure of water and at the same time supplying the water to outlets.
The benefit of such a pipe system in buildings is that the requirement of overhead tanks is removed. Secondly, these pumps are designed to find the required equivalent pressure to all floors, unlike in traditional manner water flows from underground tanks to overhead tanks which causes the top floors to get water with less pressure and reduced flow while the lower floors get high pressure because of gravity and more elevation.
This helps to conserve energy too because it eliminates the requirement of supplying water ten or twenty floors to the overhead tank then use gravity to distribute the water all flooring.
Continuous power supply backed up with a generator is required to operate this system economically, else if there is no power, there will be no source of water. To solve this issue, consider getting your own source of energy by using your own wind or solar power generator at your rooftop.
The Difference in Plumbing Systems between Residential and Commercial Properties
Understanding the basics of plumbing, and water distribution system can help to differentiate between residential and the generally larger commercial projects with their own property management team. Usually, modern construction projects require strict compliance with building codes. Contractors have to obtain permits for carpentry, plumbing, electrical, and demolition jobs. However, the right installation of plumbing systems for the removal of waterborne waste is essential for every building. Let’s analyze what makes residential plumbing systems different from the commercial type.
HVAC Systems in Commercial Buildings Are Complex
Commercial HVAC systems are larger projects because they are designed to provide comfort form with a large number of users. Unlike in residential properties, a full-scale HVAC system for commercial buildings is a complex network of pipes and fittings. Contractors will need to consult building code officials and plumbing inspectors before using HVAC systems in commercial buildings. After laying steel pipes for these temperature control facility, plumbing supervisors and contractors need to conduct quality assessments.
Commercial Plumbing Systems Require Large-scale Repairs
When there is a blockage in sewer and drain lines at a residential building, a simple loosening of pipes and joints might help to free the passage. However, in commercial plumbing systems, visual inspections with gadgets often save time. After conducting video drain inspections on wastewater pipes and black water pipes, the commercial facility plumber assesses potential threats. It’s often time-consuming to resolve large-scale repair or replacement issues, but preventive maintenance can save the hassles.
Plumbing Systems in Commercial Buildings Attract Extreme Demands
While building a commercial structure for rent, plumber engineers and construction contractors often design facilities that can handle huge public demands. It’s only a large-scale and reliable plumbing system that can sustain public usage. There are instances where inconsiderate restrooms users of commercial buildings leave faucets running. Alternatively, they might try to flush non-biodegradable objects through toilet pipes and cause blockages. The overall stress on plumbing systems in retail outlets may increase wear and tear than what we see in residential plumbing fixtures. Without excessive usage, residential plumbing systems will offer more years of service than regular fixtures in commercial buildings.
Plumbing Systems Require Different Water Consumption Levels
While a mid-sized family consumes an average of about 2,500 litres every month, commercial plumbing systems use millions of gallons. Most residents have less than 5,000- gallon water reservoir tanks for landscaping and personal use. However, the demands of multi-story commercial properties might require the installation of heavy-duty pumps and multiple storage tanks. The building code for plumbing systems in most areas recommend separate tanks for fire-fighting activities. So, commercial facilities without recycling plants will consume more water than your home’s plumbing system.
Gravity Might Not Bring The Right Water Pressure
Gravity might help to supply water from overhead tanks into a bungalow without upper floors. However, their plumbing systems in modern commercial buildings depend on pumps. Water supply lines are interconnected to control flow rates and pressure. With a drop in pressure, it might be difficult for a steady supply of water to reach every office on a high-rise commercial building. One of the plumbing system issues that make being a facility manager very challenging is regular water shortages. To avoid this issue, facility managers of commercial buildings use powerful electric pumps for maintaining water pressure in plumbing fixtures.
Fewer Vents for Residential Plumbing Designs
The number of vents in the joints of plumbing pipes can improve your home’s air quality. A residential building’s plumbing system design often comes with one or two vents before the main sewer chamber. This simple residential plumbing design can discharge offensive odour from effluent water easily, especially if waste materials are stuck inside the pipes leaving the need to clean the drains. Usually, home fixtures and appliances like kitchen sinks, showers, toilets, and washing machines don’t produce much wastewater like commercial facilities.